Official nameKingdom of Tonga
Name in local languagePule'anga Fakatu'i 'o Tonga (to) ; Kingdom of Tonga (en)
Population (ranking: 211e)98,659 inhabitants (2019)
Population growth-0.70 % / year
Area749 km²
Density131.72 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 243e)0.450 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)4,364 $USD (2018)
GDP growth0.30 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)70.80 years (2018)
Birth rate22.20 ‰ (2017)
Fertility rate3.10 children / woman (2017)
Death rate (ranking)4.90 ‰ (2017)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)11.60 ‰ (2017)
Literacy rate99.44 % (2011)
Official languagesTongan, English
CurrencyPa'anga (TOP)
HDI (ranking: 142e)0.717 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)62.49 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Head of StateKing Tupou VI
National Day4 June (independence of 1970)
Tourists (ranking)62,000 people (2017)
Tonga – petite

Tonga is a sparsely populated state of Polynesia, located in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Fiji, south of Wallis and Futuna (France), Samoa and American Samoa, and west of Niue. The country is divided into three main archipelagos with more than 170 islands and islets.

Haʻapai, île des Tonga
Haʻapai, Tonga
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Urban areas (2016)
Urban areasPopulation
Nuku'alofa74,679 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Haʻapai6,144 inhabitants110 km²
Niuas1,232 inhabitants72 km²
Tongatapu74,679 inhabitants260 km²
Vavaʻu13,740 inhabitants138 km²
ʻEua4,950 inhabitants87 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also