Official nameIndependent State of Samoa
Name in local languageMalo Sa'oloto Tuto'atasi o Samoa (sm) ; Independent State of Samoa (en)
Population (ranking: 198e)199,243 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth0.83 % / year
Area2,830 km²
Density70.40 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 218e)0.861 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)4,392 $USD (2018)
GDP growth0.70 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)73.20 years (2018)
Birth rate31.60 ‰ (2014)
Fertility rate5.10 children / woman (2014)
Death rate (ranking)5.30 ‰ (2016)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)15.00 ‰ (2014)
Literacy rate99.16 % (2015)
Official languagesSamoan, English
CurrencyTala (WST)
HDI (ranking: 148e)0.707 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)54.50 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary dominant-party parliamentary democracy with a trace of monarchy
Head of StateO le Ao o le Malo o Samoa (Head of state) : Va'aletoa Sualauvi II
National Day1st June (first time the New Zealand and Samoan flags were hoisted together, June 1, 1948)
Tourists (ranking)145,769 people (2017)
Samoa – petite
Requests for reunification of the two Samoa

Samoa is an independent state of Western Polynesia in the South Pacific. They are located east of French territory Wallis and Futuna, south of Tokelau, north of Niue and west of French Polynesia. Samoa comprises four inhabited islands (Upolu, Savai’i, Manono and Apolima) and six uninhabited islets.

Plage Lalomanu, Samoa
Beach of Lalomanu, Samoa. Photo: Neil

First state to gain independence in the Pacific on 1st January 1962, Samoa (formerly Western Samoa), are increasingly demanding reunification with the party still belonging to the United States, American Samoa. This American part has a much higher standard of living, given the financial and economic support of the United States.
The Samoa population lives mainly from agriculture, fishing and tourism, the latter being increasingly dominant in the country’s overall income. It is estimated that the number of Samoans living outside the country is higher than those living in the archipelago, which has a population of just under 200,000. Emigration is indeed very important, especially to the United States and New Zealand.
Interesting Anecdote: The famous British writer Robert Louis Stevenson, who lived the end of his life in Samoa, is buried in Apia.

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Urban areas (2016)
Urban areasPopulation
Apia102,130 inhabitants
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Administrative divisions
Districts (itūmālō)PopulationArea
A'ana23,444 inhabitants193 km²
Aiga-i-le-Tai4,939 inhabitants27 km²
Atua22,694 inhabitants413 km²
Fa'asaleleaga13,403 inhabitants266 km²
Gaga'emauga7,844 inhabitants223 km²
Gaga'ifomauga4,899 inhabitants365 km²
Palauli9,317 inhabitants523 km²
Satupa'itea5,467 inhabitants127 km²
Tuamasaga90,787 inhabitants479 km²
Va'a-o-Fonoti1,636 inhabitants38 km²
Vaisigano6,573 inhabitants178 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also