Romania

Official nameRomania
Name in local languageRomânia (ro)
ContinentEurope
SubcontinentEuropean Union
Population (ranking: 63e)19,524,125 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth-0.61 % / year
Area238,391 km²
Density81.90 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 49e)211.803 billions $USD (2017)
GDP/capita (ranking)10,814 $USD (2017)
GDP growth6.95 % / year (2017)
Life expectancy (ranking)75.10 years (2016)
Birth rate9.00 ‰ (2016)
Fertility rate1.34 children / woman (2016)
Death rate (ranking)11.90 ‰ (2016)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)9.60 ‰ (2016)
Literacy rate98.77 % (2015)
Official languagesRomanian (french, german, hungarian spoken)
CurrencyRomanian Leu (RON)
HDI (ranking: 76e)0.811 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)64.78 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
Head of StatePresident Klaus Iohannis
National Day1st December (Great Union in 1918)
ISO CodesRO, ROU
DemonymRomanian
Tourists (ranking)2,760,000 people (2017)
Roumanie – petite
Strong decline of the population since 20 years

Romania is an Eastern European state, the 7th most populous country in the European Union and the 9th largest in terms of area. It borders Hungary to the west, Ukraine and Moldova to the north and east, Bulgaria to the south and Serbia to the southwest.

Portes de Fer sur le fleuve Danube, Roumanie
Iron Gates on the Danube River, Romania. Photo: Cornelius Bechtler
Monts Bucegi, Carpates, Roumanie
Bucegi Mountains, Carpathian Mountains, Romania. Photo: Wikipedia
Bucarest, capitale de la Roumanie
Bucharest, capital city of Romania. Photo: Ciprian
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2014)
Urban areasPopulation
Bucharest2,395,515 inhabitants
Iași464,711 inhabitants
Constanța419,968 inhabitants
Brașov398,220 inhabitants
Cluj-Napoca375,908 inhabitants
Timișoara357,513 inhabitants
Craiova326,498 inhabitants
Galați323,318 inhabitants
Ploiești295,314 inhabitants
Oradea239,243 inhabitants
Bacău222,854 inhabitants
Brăila219,919 inhabitants
Pitești215,577 inhabitants
Sibiu208,778 inhabitants
Arad204,940 inhabitants
Baia Mare182,269 inhabitants
Buzău161,311 inhabitants
Botoșani144,389 inhabitants
Piatra Neamț131,242 inhabitants
Drobeta-Turnu Severin127,753 inhabitants
Focșani125,609 inhabitants
Alba Iulia109,429 inhabitants
Bistrița108,488 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Departments (Județe)PopulationArea
Alba381,538 inhabitants6,242 km²
Arad474,341 inhabitants7,754 km²
Argeș647,264 inhabitants6,862 km²
Bacău747,031 inhabitants6,621 km²
Bihor619,441 inhabitants7,544 km²
Bistrița-Năsăud329,076 inhabitants5,355 km²
Botoșani456,941 inhabitants4,986 km²
Brăila357,752 inhabitants4,766 km²
Brașov630,126 inhabitants5,363 km²
Bucarest (Municipalité)2,100,519 inhabitants228 km²
Buzău480,552 inhabitants6,103 km²
Călărași318,097 inhabitants5,088 km²
Caraș-Severin329,286 inhabitants8,514 km²
Cluj721,136 inhabitants6,674 km²
Constanța769,666 inhabitants7,071 km²
Covasna228,970 inhabitants3,710 km²
Dâmbovița529,058 inhabitants4,054 km²
Dolj701,461 inhabitants7,414 km²
Galați632,452 inhabitants4,466 km²
Giurgiu277,239 inhabitants3,526 km²
Gorj367,262 inhabitants5,602 km²
Harghita333,921 inhabitants6,639 km²
Hunedoara471,613 inhabitants7,063 km²
Ialomița294,410 inhabitants4,453 km²
Iași912,774 inhabitants5,476 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also