Official nameRepublic of Moldova
Name in local languageRepublica Moldova (ro)
SubcontinentEurope (outside the European Union)
Population (ranking: 146e)2,640,438 inhabitants (2020)
Population growth-1.73 % / year
Area33,847 km²
Density78.01 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 149e)11.309 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)3,189 $USD (2018)
GDP growth4.00 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)71.80 years (2018)
Birth rate12.00 ‰ (2019)
Fertility rate1.80 children / woman (2019)
Death rate (ranking)13.70 ‰ (2019)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)8.70 ‰ (2019)
Literacy rate99.36 % (2015)
Official languagesRomanian (Moldovan)
CurrencyLeu (MDL)
HDI (ranking: 141e)0.711 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)51.97 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional republic
Head of StatePresident Maia Sandu
National Day27 August (independence of 1991)
Tourists (ranking)145,000 people (2017)
Moldavie – petite
Transnistria holds back the development of the country

Moldova is a small Eastern European state located between Romania and Ukraine. It is landlocked and has no access to the sea.

Paysage de Moldavie
Landscape of Moldova
Chisinau, capitale de la Moldavie
Chisinau, capitale of the Moldova. Photo: Alexei Alexandru
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Urban areas (2017)
Urban areasPopulation
Chisinau (Chișinău)820,464 inhabitants
Balti (Bălți)151,239 inhabitants
Tighina (Bender)106,772 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Centre1,054,482 inhabitants10,636 km²
Chișinău820,464 inhabitants572 km²
Gagauzia161,997 inhabitants1,832 km²
North983,551 inhabitants10,375 km²
South530,358 inhabitants7,379 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also