Guatemala

Official nameRepublic of Guatemala
Name in local languageRepública de Guatemala (es)
ContinentAmericas
SubcontinentCentral America
Population (ranking: 67e)17,337,132 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth2.34 % / year
Area108,930 km²
Density159.16 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 71e)75.620 billions $USD (2017)
GDP/capita (ranking)4,471 $USD (2017)
GDP growth2.80 % / year (2017)
Life expectancy (ranking)72.50 years (2017)
Birth rate24.20 ‰ (2015)
Fertility rate2.90 children / woman (2015)
Death rate (ranking)5.00 ‰ (2015)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)21.00 ‰ (2015)
Literacy rate94.35 % (2014)
Official languagesSpanish
CurrencyQuetzal (GTQ)
HDI (ranking: 165e)0.650 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)52.33 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
Head of StatePresident Jimmy Morales
National Day15 September (independence of 1821), 20 October (revolution of 1944)
ISO CodesGT, GTM
DemonymGuatemalan
Tourists (ranking)1,660,000 people (2017)
Guatemala – petite

Guatemala is a Central American country surrounded by Mexico, Belize, Honduras and El Salvador. It is bathed to the east by the Caribbean Sea, and southwest by the Pacific Ocean.

Volcans Tolimán (à droite) et Atitlán, Guatemala
Volcanos Tolimán (right) and Atitlán, Guatemala. Photo: Gringologue
Île de Flores, Guatemala
Flores Island, Guatemala. Photo: Javier Aroche
Lac Atitlán, Guatemala
Lake Atitlán, Guatemala
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2012)
Urban areasPopulation
Guatemala4,703,865 inhabitants
Quetzaltenango679,029 inhabitants
Cobán-San Pedro Carchá511,780 inhabitants
Mazatenango312,071 inhabitants
Huehuetenango225,328 inhabitants
Flores166,476 inhabitants
Jutiapa157,968 inhabitants
Sololá154,054 inhabitants
Escuintla153,131 inhabitants
Chichicastenango148,855 inhabitants
Jalapa147,266 inhabitants
Retalhuleu146,974 inhabitants
San Marcos141,439 inhabitants
Santa Cruz Barillas140,332 inhabitants
Malacatán139,945 inhabitants
Coatepeque131,684 inhabitants
Santa Lucía Cotzumalguapa129,341 inhabitants
Momostenango128,728 inhabitants
Nahualá116,582 inhabitants
Morales115,300 inhabitants
Sayaxché114,781 inhabitants
Puerto Barrios104,584 inhabitants
Santa Cruz del Quiché102,782 inhabitants
Zacapa99,123 inhabitants
Ixcán98,543 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
DepartmentsPopulationArea
Alta Verapaz1,256,486 inhabitants8,686 km²
Baja Verapaz299,432 inhabitants3,124 km²
Chimaltenango685,513 inhabitants1,979 km²
Chiquimula406,422 inhabitants2,376 km²
El Progreso169,290 inhabitants1,922 km²
Escuintla761,085 inhabitants4,386 km²
Guatemala3,353,951 inhabitants2,126 km²
Huehuetenango1,264,449 inhabitants7,400 km²
Izabal455,982 inhabitants9,038 km²
Jalapa355,566 inhabitants2,063 km²
Jutiapa472,304 inhabitants3,216 km²
Petén736,010 inhabitants35,854 km²
Quetzaltenango863,689 inhabitants1,953 km²
Quiché1,088,942 inhabitants8,378 km²
Retalhuleu332,815 inhabitants1,856 km²
Sacatepéquez343,236 inhabitants465 km²
San Marcos1,121,644 inhabitants3,791 km²
Santa Rosa375,001 inhabitants2,995 km²
Sololá491,530 inhabitants1,061 km²
Suchitepéquez568,608 inhabitants2,510 km²
Totonicapán537,584 inhabitants1,061 km²
Zacapa236,593 inhabitants2,690 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also