Official nameRepublic of Suriname
Name in local languageRepubliek Suriname (nl)
SubcontinentSouth America
Population (ranking: 176e)598,190 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth1.05 % / year
Area163,821 km²
Density3.65 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 195e)3.427 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)5,950 $USD (2018)
GDP growth2.00 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)71.60 years (2018)
Birth rate16.00 ‰ (2016)
Fertility rate1.95 children / woman (2016)
Death rate (ranking)6.10 ‰ (2016)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)25.30 ‰ (2016)
Literacy rate99.03 % (2016)
Official languagesDutch
CurrencySurinamese dollar ($ SRD)
HDI (ranking: 136e)0.724 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)54.20 (2018)
GovernmentPresidential republic
Head of StatePresident Dési Bouterse
National Day25 November (independence of 1975)
Tourists (ranking)278,000 people (2017)
Suriname – petite
Mineral wealth exported and not benefiting the population enough

Suriname is a South American country located in the northeast of the sub-continent, on the Atlantic Ocean coast, in the heart of the Guiana Shield. Its neighbors are Guyana to the west, Brazil to the south and French Guiana to the east.

Paramaribo, capitale du Suriname
Paramaribo, capital of Suriname. Photo: Ian Mackenzie
Kasikasima, Suriname.
Mounts Kasikasima, Suriname. Photo: Suriname Tourist Board
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Urban areas (2016)
Urban areasPopulation
Paramaribo374,470 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Brokopondo15,909 inhabitants7,364 km²
Commewijne31,420 inhabitants2,353 km²
Coronie3,391 inhabitants3,902 km²
Marowijne18,294 inhabitants4,627 km²
Nickerie34,233 inhabitants5,353 km²
Para24,700 inhabitants5,393 km²
Paramaribo240,924 inhabitants183 km²
Saramacca17,480 inhabitants3,636 km²
Sipaliwini37,065 inhabitants130,567 km²
Wanica118,222 inhabitants442 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also