French Guiana

Official nameFrench Guiana
Name in local languageGuyane (fr)
SubcontinentSouth America
Population (ranking: 187e)294,071 inhabitants (2021)
Population growth1.16 % / year
Area83,846 km²
Density3.51 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 178e)4.313 billions $USD (2015)
GDP/capita (ranking)16,727 $USD (2015)
GDP growth1.90 % / year (2015)
Life expectancy (ranking)79.90 years (2014)
Birth rate26.20 ‰ (2014)
Fertility rate3.60 children / woman (2015)
Death rate (ranking)3.10 ‰ (2014)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)8.60 ‰ (2014)
Literacy rate96.00 % (2017)
Official languagesFrench
CurrencyEuro (€ EUR)
HDI (ranking: n.c.)0.000 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)0.00 (2018)
GovernmentOverseas region and department of France
Head of StatePresident Emmanuel Macron
National Day14 July (French Revolution of 1789)
DemonymFrench Guianan, Guianan, French
Tourists (ranking)199,000 people (2015)
Guyane – petite
Space and high population growth

French Guiana is a region and a French department located in South America. Located on the South Atlantic coast of South America, it borders Brazil to the southeast and south, and Suriname to the west.
Largest French department, Guyana lives a lot thanks to the activity of the Guiana Space Center, which represents 1/5th of its GDP.

Cayenne, capitale de la Guyane
Cayenne, capitale of Guiana. Photo: Guillaume Normand
Centre spatial guyanais - Kourou
Guiana Space Center, Kourou. Photo: ESA
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2018)
Urban areasPopulation
Cayenne151,103 inhabitants
Saint-Laurent-du-Maroni45,576 inhabitants
Kourou24,959 inhabitants
See all urban areas
See also