Mauritius

Official nameRepublic of Mauritius
Name in local languageRepublic of Mauritius (en) ; République de Maurice (fr)
ContinentAfrica
SubcontinentEast Africa
Population (ranking: 162e)1,265,637 inhabitants (2019)
Population growth0.03 % / year
Area2,007 km²
Density630.61 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 132e)13.338 billions $USD (2017)
GDP/capita (ranking)10,547 $USD (2017)
GDP growth3.80 % / year (2017)
Life expectancy (ranking)74.70 years (2017)
Birth rate10.70 ‰ (2017)
Fertility rate1.40 children / woman (2017)
Death rate (ranking)8.00 ‰ (2017)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)12.20 ‰ (2017)
Literacy rate98.72 % (2015)
Official languagesNone (de jure), English, Creole and French (majority)
CurrencyMauritian rupee (MUR)
HDI (ranking: 91e)0.790 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)56.63 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
Head of StatePresident Barlen Vyapoory (interim)
National Day12 March (independence of 1968)
ISO CodesMU, MUS
DemonymMauritian
Tourists (ranking)1,341,860 people (2017)
Maurice – petite
Stagnation of the population

Mauritius is a state of the Indian Ocean, located about 173 kilometers from Reunion, an island belonging to France, and 881 kilometers east of Madagascar. It consists of Mauritius, Rodrigues (560 kilometers east), the Agalega Islands and the archipelago of Saint-Brandon which are part of the Mascarene archipelago (with Reunion). Mauritius claims sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago (United Kingdom) and the island of Tromelin (France).

Port-Louis, capitale de Maurice
Port Louis, capitale of Mauritius. Photo: Peter Kuchar
Panorama de l'île Maurice, vu depuis Le Pouce
Panorama of Mauritius, seen from Le Pouce mountain. Photo: Clément Larher
Le Morne Brabant, à Maurice
Le Morne Brabant mountain, in Mauritius. Photo: Wikipedia
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Urban areas (2016)
Urban areasPopulation
Port-Louis900,488 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Islands and DistrictsPopulationArea
Agaléga and Saint-Brandon (Cargados and Carajos) (Island)274 inhabitants29 km²
Flacq138,460 inhabitants299 km²
Grand Port112,997 inhabitants261 km²
Mauritius (Island)1,222,208 inhabitants1,868 km²
Moka83,251 inhabitants234 km²
Pamplemousses139,966 inhabitants180 km²
Plaines Wilhems368,621 inhabitants196 km²
Port-Louis119,706 inhabitants40 km²
Rivière du Rempart108,005 inhabitants154 km²
Rivière Noire80,939 inhabitants257 km²
Rodrigues (Island)43,155 inhabitants110 km²
Savanne68,585 inhabitants246 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also