Official nameHellenic Republic
Name in local languageΕλληνική Δημοκρατία (el)
SubcontinentEuropean Union
Population (ranking: 86e)10,709,606 inhabitants (2020)
Population growth-0.14 % / year
Area132,049 km²
Density81.10 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 53e)218.032 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)20,324 $USD (2018)
GDP growth1.90 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)82.10 years (2018)
Birth rate8.05 ‰ (2018)
Fertility rate1.35 children / woman (2017)
Death rate (ranking)11.20 ‰ (2018)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)3.47 ‰ (2018)
Literacy rate99.67 % (2015)
Official languagesGreek (french and english often spoken)
CurrencyEuro (€ EUR)
HDI (ranking: 49e)0.872 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)73.60 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
Head of StatePresident Ekateríni Sakellaropoúlou
National Day25 March (Independence declared from the Ottoman Empire in 1821)
Tourists (ranking)27,194,000 people (2017)
Grèce – petite

Greece is a Southern European state, member of the European Union, located in the extreme south of the Balkans. It shares borders with Albania, North Macedonia, Bulgaria and Turkey. The Ionian Sea to the west and the Aegean Sea to the east, parts of the Mediterranean Sea, surround the country, one-fifth of which is made up of more than 9,000 islands and islets, of which about 200 are inhabited. 80% of the country’s territory consists of mountains, the highest of which is the famous Mount Olympus (2,904 meters).

Santorin, Grèce
Santorini, Greece. Photo: Most Beautiful Spots
Acropole, Athènes, Grèce
Acropolis, Athens, Greece
Ioannina, Grèce
Ioannina, Greece. Photo: Menelaos Sykovelis
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Urban areas (2019)
Urban areasPopulation
Athens (Athína - Αθήνα)3,742,235 inhabitants
Thessaloniki (Salonica - Thessaloníki)1,104,690 inhabitants
Heraklion (Iráklio)313,766 inhabitants
Patras (Pátra)298,996 inhabitants
Larissa (Lárisa)281,033 inhabitants
Vólos203,162 inhabitants
Ioannina (Yannena)167,696 inhabitants
Chaniá159,576 inhabitants
Chalcis (Chalkída)102,223 inhabitants
Corfu (Kerkyra)101,569 inhabitants
Rhodes (Ródos)86,199 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Peripheries (Regions)PopulationArea
Attica3,742,235 inhabitants3,814 km²
Central Greece555,960 inhabitants15,561 km²
Central Macedonia1,873,777 inhabitants19,166 km²
Crete634,930 inhabitants8,340 km²
Eastern Macedonia and Thrace599,723 inhabitants14,179 km²
Epirus333,696 inhabitants9,164 km²
Ionian Islands203,869 inhabitants2,306 km²
Mount Athos (Autonomous Monastic Republic)1,811 inhabitants336 km²
North Aegean221,098 inhabitants3,854 km²
Peloponnese574,447 inhabitants15,511 km²
South Aegean344,027 inhabitants5,305 km²
Thessaly718,640 inhabitants14,051 km²
Western Greece655,189 inhabitants11,327 km²
Western Macedonia267,008 inhabitants9,471 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also