Official nameRepublic of Djibouti
Name in local languageRépublique de Djibouti (fr) ; Gabuutih Ummuuno (aa) ; Jamahuuriyada Jabuuti (so) ; جمهورية جيبوتي - Jumhūriyyat Jībūtī (ar)
SubcontinentEast Africa
Population (ranking: 166e)1,048,999 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth2.80 % / year
Area25,030 km²
Density41.91 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 200e)1.966 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)2,050 $USD (2018)
GDP growth6.00 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)66.60 years (2018)
Birth rate23.40 ‰ (2017)
Fertility rate2.31 children / woman (2017)
Death rate (ranking)7.50 ‰ (2017)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)47.20 ‰ (2016)
Literacy rate57.40 % (2009)
Official languagesFrench, Arabic
CurrencyDjiboutian franc (DJF)
HDI (ranking: 209e)0.495 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)40.04 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary dominant-party presidential republic
Head of StatePresident Ismaïl Omar Guelleh
National Day27 June (independence of 1977)
Tourists (ranking)63,000 people (2013)
Djibouti – petite
Gateway to East Africa

Djibouti is a country in the Horn of Africa, located on the west coast of the southern outlet of the Red Sea. It is adjacent to Somaliland (formerly an internationally unrecognized, independent Somalia region), Ethiopia, Eritrea and Yemen, located on the other side of the Gulf of Aden. Its capital, Djibouti, bears the name of the country and is home to most of the population.

Lac Abbé, Djibouti
Lake Abbé, Djibouti. Photo: Yann Arthus-Bertrand
Îles Moucha et Maskali, Djibouti
Moucha and Maskali Islands, Djibouti. Photo: Yann Arthus-Bertrand
Île Moucha, Djibouti
Moucha Island, Djibouti
Lac Assal, Djibouti
Lake Assal, Djibouti. Photo: Yann Arthus-Bertrand
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Urban areas (2017)
Urban areasPopulation
Djibouti645,692 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Ali Sabieh102,618 inhabitants2,400 km²
Arta50,017 inhabitants1,800 km²
Dikhil104,977 inhabitants7,200 km²
Djibouti567,602 inhabitants630 km²
Obock44,678 inhabitants5,700 km²
Tadjourah102,329 inhabitants7,300 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also