Northern Mariana Islands

Official nameCommonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Name in local languageCommonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (en) ; Sankattan Siha Na Islas Mariånas (ch) ; Commonwealth Téél Falúw kka Efáng llól Marianas (cal)
Population (ranking: 223e)51,807 inhabitants (2019)
Population growth-0.44 % / year
Area464 km²
Density111.65 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 214e)1.323 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)23,259 $USD (2018)
GDP growth-19.60 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)77.00 years (2013)
Birth rate14.90 ‰ (2018)
Fertility rate2.76 children / woman (2018)
Death rate (ranking)4.90 ‰ (2018)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)12.30 ‰ (2018)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2021)
Official languagesEnglish, Chamorro, Carolinian
CurrencyUnited States dollar ($ USD)
HDI (ranking: 46e)0.875 / 1 (2008)
EPI (ranking)0.00 (2018)
GovernmentUnincorporated and organized territory of the United States ; Territorial presidential constitutional republic
Head of StatePresident Joe Biden ; Governor Ralph Torres
National Day4 July (independence of the USA in 1776)
DemonymNorthern Mariana Islander
Tourists (ranking)518,000 people (2018)
Mariannes du Nord – petite

The Northern Mariana Islands are an archipelago located in western Oceania. It is part of the Mariana Archipelago, in the eastern Philippine Sea, north of Guam, with which it forms the Chamorros indigenous settlement, and south of the Kazan Islands, in the archipelago of Ogasawara (Japan). Northern Mariana is a state associated with the United States under the status of an unincorporated organized territory, like many other US dependencies. Only the three largest of the fourteen islands are populated, mostly immigrants and descendants of Filipino and Chinese immigrants. Since the beginning of the century, many young people have migrated to find work and better living conditions, which is driving the population back little by little.

Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan, Northern Mariana Islands. Photo: P. Miller
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Urban areas (2019)
Urban areasPopulation
Saipan46,363 inhabitants
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See also