Official nameTerritory of Guam
Name in local languageGuam (en) ; Guåhån (ch)
Population (ranking: 199e)179,606 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth0.81 % / year
Area541 km²
Density331.99 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 165e)5.859 billions $USD (2017)
GDP/capita (ranking)35,665 $USD (2017)
GDP growth0.20 % / year (2017)
Life expectancy (ranking)79.00 years (2015)
Birth rate20.90 ‰ (2015)
Fertility rate2.41 children / woman (2013)
Death rate (ranking)6.20 ‰ (2015)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)13.90 ‰ (2015)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2018)
Official languagesEnglish, Chamorro
CurrencyUnited States dollar ($ USD)
HDI (ranking: n.c.)0.000 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)0.00 (2018)
GovernmentUnincorporated and organized territory of the United States
Head of StatePresident Joe Biden ; Governor Lou Leon Guerrero
National Day4 July (independence of the USA in 1776)
Tourists (ranking)1,544,000 people (2017)
Guam – petite

Guam is an organized non-incorporated territory of the United States located in the western Pacific. The Chamorros constitute the indigenous population of this island which was colonized by Spain from the sixteenth century until its sale in the United States in 1898 after the Spanish-American War.

Hagåtña, capitale de Guam
Hagåtña, capitale of Guam
Plage à Guam
Beach in Guam

Geographically very strategic in the military field due to its position in East Asia (east of the Philippines and southern Japan), Guam includes many US military forces, including naval and air. There were about 13,300 soldiers on the ground in 2015, which is one in 13 inhabitants. A very large part of the territory is in a military zone.
However tourism is booming, and more and more visitors come to enjoy its beaches and its favorable climate.

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Urban areas (2017)
Urban areasPopulation
Hagåtña (Agana)178,163 inhabitants
See all urban areas
See also