Official nameRepublic of Botswana
Name in local languageLefatshe la Botswana (tn)
SubcontinentSouthern Africa
Population (ranking: 148e)2,325,082 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth1.78 % / year
Area581,726 km²
Density4.00 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 119e)18.616 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)8,259 $USD (2018)
GDP growth4.50 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)69.30 years (2018)
Birth rate24.80 ‰ (2016)
Fertility rate2.69 children / woman (2016)
Death rate (ranking)5.67 ‰ (2014)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)20.80 ‰ (2014)
Literacy rate88.46 % (2015)
Official languagesTswana, English
CurrencyBotswana pula (BWP)
HDI (ranking: 129e)0.728 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)51.70 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
Head of StatePresident Mokgweetsi Masisi
National Day30 September (independence of 1966)
DemonymBatswana (plural), Motswana (singular)
Tourists (ranking)1,660,202 people (2015)
Botswana – petite

Botswana is a southern African country with no access to the sea, surrounded by South Africa to the south and south-east, Namibia to the west, Zambia to the north and Zimbabwe to the northeast.
Sparsely populated, Botswana is a big country almost entirely desert. The famous Kalahari Desert accounts for 70% of the total area of the country, and there is also the famous Okavango Inner Delta. These beautiful places are strengths that the authorities would like to rely on to develop tourism.

Botswana : Delta de l'Okawango
Delta of Okavango. Photo: Justin Hall
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Urban areas (2017)
Urban areasPopulation
Gaborone469,020 inhabitants
Francistown167,639 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Central638,604 inhabitants147,730 km²
Ghanzi38,710 inhabitants117,910 km²
Kgalagadi49,415 inhabitants106,940 km²
Kgatleng85,105 inhabitants7,960 km²
Kweneng282,515 inhabitants35,890 km²
Nord-Est160,928 inhabitants5,120 km²
Nord-Ouest169,831 inhabitants129,930 km²
Sud203,482 inhabitants28,470 km²
Sud-Est364,377 inhabitants1,780 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also