Bosnia and Herzegovina

Official nameBosnia and Herzegovina
Name in local languageBosna i Hercegovina (bs) ; Босна и Херцеговина (sr)
ContinentEurope
SubcontinentEurope (outside the European Union)
Population (ranking: 138e)3,482,041 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth-0.28 % / year
Area51,209 km²
Density68.00 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 118e)19.782 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)5,951 $USD (2018)
GDP growth3.10 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)76.25 years (2016)
Birth rate8.80 ‰ (2016)
Fertility rate1.26 children / woman (2016)
Death rate (ranking)9.90 ‰ (2016)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)5.60 ‰ (2016)
Literacy rate97.18 % (2013)
Official languagesBosnian, Croatian, Serbian
CurrencyConvertible mark (BAM)
HDI (ranking: 106e)0.768 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)41.84 (2018)
GovernmentFederal parliamentary constitutional republic
Head of StateCollective Presidency (triumvirate): Mladen Ivanić, Dragan Čović, Bakir Izetbegović. International High Representative international Valentin Inzko
National Day21 November (signing of the Dayton Peace Agreement in 1995)
ISO CodesBA, BIH
DemonymBosnian Herzegovinian
Tourists (ranking)922,000 people (2017)
Bosnie-et-Herzégovine – petite
Sharp decline in population

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a southern European state located on the Balkan Peninsula. It is bordered by Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro, and has a small maritime facade on the Adriatic Sea.

Stone bridge, old town of Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Stone bridge, old town of Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Sarajevo, capitale of Bosnia and Herzegovina
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2013)
Urban areasPopulation
Sarajevo688,437 inhabitants
Banja Luka182,848 inhabitants
Tuzla110,979 inhabitants
Zenica110,663 inhabitants
Mostar105,797 inhabitants
Bijeljina104,019 inhabitants
Prijedor89,397 inhabitants
Brčko83,516 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Entities (entitet)PopulationArea
Brčko District83,516 inhabitants493 km²
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina2,201,193 inhabitants26,111 km²
Republika Srpska1,153,017 inhabitants24,641 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also