Official namePortuguese Republic
Name in local languageRepública Portuguesa (pt)
SubcontinentEuropean Union
Population (ranking: 91e)10,291,027 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth-0.12 % / year
Area92,226 km²
Density111.58 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 50e)237.979 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)23,146 $USD (2018)
GDP growth2.10 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)81.90 years (2018)
Birth rate8.30 ‰ (2015)
Fertility rate1.30 children / woman (2015)
Death rate (ranking)10.50 ‰ (2015)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)2.90 ‰ (2015)
Literacy rate95.68 % (2015)
Official languagesPortuguese
CurrencyEuro (€ EUR)
HDI (ranking: 58e)0.850 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)71.91 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential constitutional republic
Head of StatePresident Marcelo Rebelo de Sousa
National Day10 June (death of Luís de Camões in 1580)
Tourists (ranking)18,200,000 people (2016)
Portugal – petite

Portugal is a country in Southern Europe located west of the Iberian Peninsula. To the north and east, it is bounded by Spain, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean. Member of the European Union, it is the most western of continental Europe. It also includes the archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira, located in the Atlantic Ocean.

Portugal - Algarve
Portugal – Coast of Algarve. Photo: Ricard12, Wikipedia
Castle Saint-Georges, Lisbon. Photo: Massimo Catarinella
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Urban areas (2016)
Urban areasPopulation
Lisbon2,812,678 inhabitants
Porto1,723,618 inhabitants
Braga - Guimarães827,246 inhabitants
Coimbra444,014 inhabitants
Aveiro297,854 inhabitants
Leiria289,215 inhabitants
Viseu234,667 inhabitants
Faro186,300 inhabitants
Portimão185,908 inhabitants
Viana do Castelo86,136 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Alentejo724,391 inhabitants31,605 km²
Algarve441,929 inhabitants4,997 km²
Azores (Autonomous Region)243,862 inhabitants2,322 km²
Centre (Centro)2,256,364 inhabitants28,199 km²
Lisbon (Lisboa)2,812,678 inhabitants3,002 km²
Madeira (Autonomous Region)254,368 inhabitants801 km²
North (Norte)3,603,778 inhabitants21,286 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also