Official nameFederal Republic of Nigeria
Name in local languageFederal Republic of Nigeria (en)
SubcontinentSub-Saharan Africa
Population (ranking: 5e)230,844,184 inhabitants (2023)
Population growth2.56 % / year
Area923,768 km²
Density249.89 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 31e)440.834 billions $USD (2021)
GDP/capita (ranking)2,065 $USD (2021)
GDP growth3.60 % / year (2021)
Life expectancy (ranking)52.70 years (2021)
Birth rate37.40 ‰ (2019)
Fertility rate5.32 children / woman (2019)
Death rate (ranking)11.60 ‰ (2019)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)59.50 ‰ (2019)
Literacy rate66.70 % (2015)
Official languagesEnglish
CurrencyNaira (₦ NGN)
HDI (ranking: 197e)0.535 / 1 (2021)
EPI (ranking)54.76 (2018)
GovernmentFederal presidential republic
Head of StatePresident Bola Tinubu
National Day1st October (Republic of 1963)
Tourists (ranking)1,889,000 people (2016)
Nigéria – petite

Nigeria is a West African state located along the Gulf of Guinea. It is the most populous country in Africa and its first economy. It is bordered to the west by Benin, to the north by Niger and Chad, to the east by Cameroon. It also shares a maritime border with Equatorial Guinea.

Lagos, Nigéria
Lagos, Nigeria. Source: Wikipedia
Bidonville marin, Lagos, Nigéria
Marine slums, Lagos, Nigeria. Photo: Yann Arthus-Bertrand
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2014)
Urban areasPopulation
Lagos22,829,561 inhabitants
Ibadan5,881,345 inhabitants
Kano4,956,615 inhabitants
Benin City2,571,798 inhabitants
Port Harcourt2,306,662 inhabitants
Kaduna2,192,441 inhabitants
Oshogbo2,088,527 inhabitants
Aba1,736,361 inhabitants
Onitsha1,708,539 inhabitants
Abuja1,568,853 inhabitants
Ogbomosho1,334,387 inhabitants
Maiduguri1,182,498 inhabitants
Ilorin1,151,986 inhabitants
Abeokuta1,073,574 inhabitants
Warri1,014,403 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Abia3,727,347 inhabitants6,320 km²
Adamawa4,248,436 inhabitants36,917 km²
Akwa Ibom5,482,177 inhabitants7,081 km²
Anambra5,527,809 inhabitants4,844 km²
Bauchi6,537,314 inhabitants45,837 km²
Bayelsa2,277,961 inhabitants10,773 km²
Benue5,741,815 inhabitants34,059 km²
Borno5,860,183 inhabitants70,898 km²
Cross River3,866,269 inhabitants20,156 km²
Delta5,663,362 inhabitants17,698 km²
Ebonyi2,880,383 inhabitants5,670 km²
Edo4,235,595 inhabitants17,802 km²
Ekiti3,270,798 inhabitants6,353 km²
Enugu4,411,119 inhabitants7,161 km²
Gombe3,256,962 inhabitants18,768 km²
Imo5,408,756 inhabitants5,100 km²
Jigawa5,828,163 inhabitants23,154 km²
Kaduna8,252,366 inhabitants46,053 km²
Kano13,076,892 inhabitants20,131 km²
Katsina7,831,319 inhabitants24,192 km²
Kebbi4,440,050 inhabitants36,800 km²
Kogi4,473,490 inhabitants29,833 km²
Kwara3,192,893 inhabitants36,825 km²
Lagos12,550,598 inhabitants3,345 km²
Nassarawa2,523,395 inhabitants27,117 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also