Official nameRepublic of Ghana
Name in local languageGhana
SubcontinentSub-Saharan Africa
Population (ranking: 50e)29,625,456 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth2.30 % / year
Area238,553 km²
Density124.19 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 89e)47.330 billions $USD (2017)
GDP/capita (ranking)1,642 $USD (2017)
GDP growth8.50 % / year (2017)
Life expectancy (ranking)66.60 years (2016)
Birth rate30.80 ‰ (2016)
Fertility rate4.03 children / woman (2016)
Death rate (ranking)7.10 ‰ (2016)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)36.30 ‰ (2016)
Literacy rate76.57 % (2015)
Official languagesEnglish
CurrencyGhana cedi (₵ GHS)
HDI (ranking: 177e)0.592 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)49.66 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
Head of StatePresident Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo
National Day6 March (independence in 1957) ; 1st July (republic)
Tourists (ranking)897,000 people (2015)
Ghana – petite
A very strong development thanks to natural resources

Ghana is a West African country located on the shores of the Gulf of Guinea. The neighboring countries of Ghana are Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire) to the west, Burkina Faso to the north and Togo to the east.
The development of a country necessarily involves a stable and democratic political apparatus. Ghana, a very poor country, is now well established in the democratic system, and it is currently developing thanks to oil, as in the whole sub-region.

Lac au Ghana
Lake in Ghana
Port de pêche, Ghana
Fishing port, Ghana
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2016)
Urban areasPopulation
Accra4,917,262 inhabitants
Kumasi2,340,324 inhabitants
Sékondi643,481 inhabitants
Tamale427,054 inhabitants
Cape Coast312,925 inhabitants
Ho312,664 inhabitants
Hohoe301,353 inhabitants
Bawku217,791 inhabitants
Techiman206,856 inhabitants
Yendi199,592 inhabitants
Mfantsiman196,563 inhabitants
West Akim195,349 inhabitants
New Juaben183,727 inhabitants
Obuasi168,641 inhabitants
East Akim167,896 inhabitants
Assin North161,341 inhabitants
Dormaa159,789 inhabitants
Keta147,618 inhabitants
Birim144,869 inhabitants
Ejisu Juaben143,762 inhabitants
Asante Akim North140,694 inhabitants
Asunafo North124,685 inhabitants
Akwapem South123,501 inhabitants
Sunyani123,224 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Ashanti5,406,209 inhabitants24,389 km²
Brong Ahafo2,660,642 inhabitants39,557 km²
Centre2,437,798 inhabitants9,826 km²
Grand Accra4,613,637 inhabitants3,245 km²
Haut Ghana occidental792,535 inhabitants18,476 km²
Haut Ghana occidental792,535 inhabitants18,476 km²
Haut Ghana oriental1,188,800 inhabitants8,842 km²
Nord2,858,793 inhabitants70,384 km²
Occidentale2,887,078 inhabitants23,921 km²
Orientale3,028,597 inhabitants19,323 km²
Volta2,434,212 inhabitants20,570 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also