Ghana

Official nameRepublic of Ghana
Name in local languageGhana
ContinentAfrica
SubcontinentSub-Saharan Africa
Population (ranking: 49e)30,280,811 inhabitants (2019)
Population growth2.21 % / year
Area238,553 km²
Density126.94 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 75e)65.556 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)2,202 $USD (2018)
GDP growth6.30 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)66.60 years (2016)
Birth rate30.80 ‰ (2016)
Fertility rate4.03 children / woman (2016)
Death rate (ranking)7.10 ‰ (2016)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)36.30 ‰ (2016)
Literacy rate76.57 % (2015)
Official languagesEnglish
CurrencyGhana cedi (₵ GHS)
HDI (ranking: 177e)0.592 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)49.66 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
Head of StatePresident Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo
National Day6 March (independence in 1957) ; 1st July (republic)
ISO CodesGH, GHA
DemonymGhanaian
Tourists (ranking)897,000 people (2015)
Ghana – petite
A very strong development thanks to natural resources

Ghana is a West African country located on the shores of the Gulf of Guinea. The neighboring countries of Ghana are Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire) to the west, Burkina Faso to the north and Togo to the east.
The development of a country necessarily involves a stable and democratic political apparatus. Ghana, a very poor country, is now well established in the democratic system, and it is currently developing thanks to oil, as in the whole sub-region.

Lac au Ghana
Lake in Ghana
Port de pêche, Ghana
Fishing port, Ghana
See all related maps or articles
Urban areas (2019)
Urban areasPopulation
Accra5,390,455 inhabitants
Kumasi2,477,604 inhabitants
Cape Coast1,256,805 inhabitants
Sekondi726,905 inhabitants
Tamale562,919 inhabitants
New Juaben227,573 inhabitants
Ho218,948 inhabitants
Bawku217,791 inhabitants
East Akim208,091 inhabitants
Hohoe205,870 inhabitants
Obuasi203,554 inhabitants
Yendi199,592 inhabitants
Mfantsiman196,563 inhabitants
Techiman182,810 inhabitants
Keta182,409 inhabitants
Birim178,830 inhabitants
Ejisu Juaben174,482 inhabitants
Assin North161,341 inhabitants
Sunyani151,378 inhabitants
Dormaa139,955 inhabitants
West Akim133,301 inhabitants
Asunafo North124,685 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
RegionsPopulationArea
Ashanti5,792,187 inhabitants24,389 km²
Brong Ahafo2,850,607 inhabitants39,557 km²
Central2,563,228 inhabitants9,826 km²
Eastern3,244,834 inhabitants19,323 km²
Greater Accra4,943,075 inhabitants3,245 km²
Northern3,062,883 inhabitants70,384 km²
Upper East1,273,677 inhabitants8,842 km²
Upper West849,123 inhabitants18,476 km²
Volta2,607,996 inhabitants20,570 km²
Western3,093,201 inhabitants23,921 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also