Cyprus

Official nameRepublic of Cyprus
Name in local languageΚυπριακή Δημοκρατία (el) ; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti (tr)
ContinentEurope
SubcontinentEuropean Union
Population (ranking: 164e)1,219,051 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth1.65 % / year
Area9,251 km²
Density131.78 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 112e)21.652 billions $USD (2017)
GDP/capita (ranking)25,234 $USD (2017)
GDP growth3.90 % / year (2017)
Life expectancy (ranking)82.05 years (2017)
Birth rate10.70 ‰ (2017)
Fertility rate1.32 children / woman (2015)
Death rate (ranking)6.90 ‰ (2015)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)1.30 ‰ (2017)
Literacy rate99.86 % (2015)
Official languagesGreek, Turkish
CurrencyEuro (€ EUR)
HDI (ranking: 48e)0.869 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)72.60 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
Head of StatePresident Nicos Anastasiades
National Day1st October (independence of 1960)
ISO CodesCY, CYP
DemonymCypriot
Tourists (ranking)3,930,000 people (2018)
Chypre – petite
A country cut in half

Cyprus is an island state located in the eastern Mediterranean Sea, in the Levantine Basin, south of Turkey and east of Greece. Although Cyprus is geographically closer to the West Asia region, the country is culturally and politically linked to Europe and is a member of the European Union.

Bord de mer, Chypre
Seaside, Cyprus

The Cypriot Republic is a member of the United Nations (1960), the British Commonwealth, the European Union (2004), the WTO, the OSCE, the Non-Aligned Movement, the International Labor Organization and the Francophonie. Cyprus joined the euro area on 1 January 2008.
Since 1974, the northern part of the island, located beyond the UN-controlled Green Line, is under Turkish military occupation, and in 1983, the territory proclaimed itself “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” without that it is recognized by the international community, with the exception of Turkey.

Port de Kyrenia, Chypre
Port of Kyrenia, Cyprus

Of the total population estimated at 1,219,051 in 2018, 864,200 people are counted in the part controlled by the Cypriot government (south). The remainder, 354,851 inhabitants, is partly Turkish occupied in the north of the island.
The Turkish military occupation of the north of the island is one of the major blocking factors of Turkey’s entry into the European Union.

As far as possible, we have compiled the figures of the two statistical institutes (Cyprus and Northern Cyprus): population, GDP, tourists, among others.

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Urban areas (2017)
Urban areasPopulation
Nicosie351,164 inhabitants
Limassol265,274 inhabitants
Larnaca89,795 inhabitants
Kyrenia (Girne)64,884 inhabitants
Paphos64,442 inhabitants
Famagouste50,465 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
DistrictsPopulationArea
Famagouste46,900 inhabitants244 km²
Famagouste (Gazimağusa) (Chypre du Nord)69,741 inhabitants997 km²
Kyrenia (Girne) (Chypre du Nord)69,163 inhabitants690 km²
Larnaca144,200 inhabitants1,041 km²
Limassol237,000 inhabitants1,393 km²
Morphou (Güzelyurt) (Chypre du Nord)30,037 inhabitants381 km²
Nicosie330,000 inhabitants1,924 km²
Nicosie (Lefkoşa) (Chypre du Nord)94,824 inhabitants502 km²
Paphos90,200 inhabitants1,390 km²
Trikomo (İskele) (Chypre du Nord)22,492 inhabitants774 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also