Official nameKingdom of Sweden
Name in local languageKonungariket Sverige (sv)
SubcontinentEuropean Union
Population (ranking: 88e)10,333,456 inhabitants (2020)
Population growth0.90 % / year
Area407,311 km²
Density25.37 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 23e)551.032 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)54,112 $USD (2018)
GDP growth2.40 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)82.70 years (2018)
Birth rate11.90 ‰ (2014)
Fertility rate1.78 children / woman (2017)
Death rate (ranking)9.20 ‰ (2014)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)2.41 ‰ (2017)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2018)
Official languagesSwedish
CurrencySwedish krona (SEK)
HDI (ranking: 17e)0.937 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)80.51 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Head of StateKing Carl XVI Gustaf
National Day6 June
Tourists (ranking)6,865,000 people (2017)
Suède – petite
10 million unhabitants

Sweden is a northern European state located in Scandinavia. It shares borders with Norway to the west, Finland to the north-east, and is separated from Denmark by the Øresund, a strait whose narrowest section is 4 kilometers wide. A bridge crosses this strait, connecting the two cities of Copenhagen, the capital of Denmark, and Malmö, the third largest city in Sweden. The capital of Sweden is Stockholm. The inhabitants of the country are called Swedes. His official language and majority language is Swedish. Finnish and Sami are also spoken, mainly in the north of the country, a region occupied by Lapland, called Sápmi by its inhabitants, the Sami (or Sames), who were the first inhabitants of northern Scandinavia.

Vieille ville de Stockholm, capitale de la Suède
Old town of Stockholm, capitale of Sweden. Photo: Arild Vågen


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Urban areas (2016)
Urban areasPopulation
Stockholm2,269,060 inhabitants
Göteborg997,446 inhabitants
Malmö707,120 inhabitants
Uppsala214,559 inhabitants
Linköping155,817 inhabitants
Västerås147,420 inhabitants
Örebro146,631 inhabitants
Helsingborg140,547 inhabitants
Norrköping139,363 inhabitants
Jönköping135,297 inhabitants
Umeå122,892 inhabitants
Borås109,880 inhabitants
Eskilstuna103,684 inhabitants
Gävle99,788 inhabitants
Halmstad98,538 inhabitants
Sundsvall98,325 inhabitants
Karlstad90,198 inhabitants
Växjö89,500 inhabitants
Kristianstad83,191 inhabitants
Kungsbacka80,442 inhabitants
Luleå76,770 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Blekinge158,453 inhabitants2,931 km²
Dalécarlie (Dalarna)284,531 inhabitants28,029 km²
Gävleborg284,586 inhabitants18,118 km²
Gotland58,003 inhabitants3,135 km²
Halland320,333 inhabitants5,427 km²
Jämtland128,673 inhabitants48,935 km²
Jönköping352,735 inhabitants10,437 km²
Kalmar242,301 inhabitants11,165 km²
Kronoberg194,628 inhabitants8,424 km²
Norrbotten250,570 inhabitants97,239 km²
Örebro294,941 inhabitants8,504 km²
Östergötland452,105 inhabitants10,559 km²
Scanie (Skåne)1,324,565 inhabitants10,968 km²
Södermanland288,097 inhabitants6,075 km²
Stockholm2,269,060 inhabitants6,524 km²
Uppsala361,373 inhabitants8,190 km²
Värmland279,334 inhabitants17,519 km²
Västerbotten265,881 inhabitants54,665 km²
Västernorrland245,572 inhabitants21,549 km²
Västmanland267,629 inhabitants5,118 km²
Västra Götaland1,671,783 inhabitants23,800 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also