São Tomé and Príncipe

Official nameDemocratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
Name in local languageRepública Democrática de São Tomé e Príncipe (pt)
ContinentAfrica
SubcontinentSub-Saharan Africa
Population (ranking: 197e)201,770 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth2.06 % / year
Area1,001 km²
Density201.57 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 240e)0.422 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)2,001 $USD (2018)
GDP growth2.70 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)67.00 years (2017)
Birth rate26.30 ‰ (2017)
Fertility rate3.00 children / woman (2017)
Death rate (ranking)6.10 ‰ (2017)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)34.00 ‰ (2017)
Literacy rate90.10 % (2017)
Official languagesPortuguese
CurrencyDobra (STD)
HDI (ranking: 180e)0.589 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)54.01 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
Head of StatePresident Evaristo Carvalho
National Day12 July (independence of 1975)
ISO CodesST, STP
DemonymSão Toméan, Santomean
Tourists (ranking)29,000 people (2016)
Sao Tomé-et-Principe – petite
200,000 inhabitants

São Tomé and Príncipe is an island country in the Gulf of Guinea, off the western equatorial coast of Central Africa. It consists of two archipelagos around the two main islands of São Tomé and Príncipe, located about 140 kilometres apart and about 250 kilometres off the northwestern coast of Gabon, respectively.

Pico Cão Grande, São Tomé and Príncipe
Pico Cão Grande, São Tomé and Príncipe

It is an archipelago of volcanic relief and equatorial climate, and is one of the smallest countries in Africa. It has oil resources still little exploited and should help it out of chronic underdevelopment. In 2018, the country has reached 200,000 inhabitants.

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Urban areas (2014)
Urban areasPopulation
São Tomé71,385 inhabitants
See all urban areas
See also