Palestine

Official nameState of Palestine - Palestinian Authority
Name in local languageدولة فلسطين (ar)
ContinentAsia
SubcontinentWestern Asia
Population (ranking: 124e)5,091,819 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth2.82 % / year
Area6,020 km²
Density845.82 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 131e)14.616 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)3,199 $USD (2018)
GDP growth0.90 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)73.65 years (2016)
Birth rate30.90 ‰ (2016)
Fertility rate4.10 children / woman (2013)
Death rate (ranking)3.50 ‰ (2016)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)18.20 ‰ (2014)
Literacy rate96.70 % (2015)
Official languagesArabic
CurrencyEgyptian pound (EGP), Israeli new shekel (ILS), Jordanian dinar (JOD)
HDI (ranking: 157e)0.686 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)unknown
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic
Head of StatePresident Mahmoud Abbas
National Day15 November (1988, declaration of independence by the Palestinian National Council in exil in Alger)
ISO CodesPS, PSE
DemonymPalestinian
Tourists (ranking)503,000 people (2017)
Palestine – petite
Israeli occupation hurts Palestinian population

Palestine is a proto-state (state in formation) located in West Asia, and represented by the Palestinian National Authority. It has borders with Israel, Jordan, and Egypt. He is currently militarily occupied by Israel. Palestine is divided into two separate territories, administered separately: the Gaza Strip on one side, located on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, and undergoing an almost total blockade by Israel and Egypt; the West Bank on the other, surrounded by a wall of separation from Israel, and bathed by the Dead Sea, located below sea level and having record salinity.
Despite a recent decline in population growth, the Palestinian population is still growing at a particularly high rate of around 2.8% per year.
The country, which is a self-proclaimed state recognized by 96 UN member states, currently survives under Israeli military occupation. The West Bank is dotted with Israeli settlements.
The situation created is explosive in this region of the world, especially as the Palestinian economy is asphyxiated and the unemployment made very high by the war that is prolonged.
The current negotiations are dragging on, and the peaceful solution does not seem to be the priority of both parties.

Ramallah, capitale administrative de la Palestine
Ramallah, administrative capitale of PalestineJérusalem, Dôme du Rocher, au fond l'Eglise du Saint Sépulcre

Jerusalem, Dome of the Rock, and the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. Photo: Berthold Werner

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Urban areas (2017)
Urban areasPopulation
Gaza1,943,398 inhabitants
East Jerusalem (part of Jerusalem)1,300,968 inhabitants
Hébron229,258 inhabitants
Naplouse182,734 inhabitants
Ramallah90,393 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
TerritoriesPopulationArea
Gaza Strip1,943,398 inhabitants365 km²
West Bank3,008,770 inhabitants5,655 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also