Official nameState of Kuwait
Name in local languageدولة الكويت - Dawlat al-Kuwayt (ar)
SubcontinentWestern Asia
Population (ranking: 131e)4,420,110 inhabitants (2019)
Population growth-6.96 % / year
Area17,818 km²
Density248.07 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 60e)141.678 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)34,244 $USD (2018)
GDP growth1.20 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)74.40 years (2018)
Birth rate16.30 ‰ (2014)
Fertility rate1.90 children / woman (2014)
Death rate (ranking)1.60 ‰ (2014)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)7.40 ‰ (2014)
Literacy rate99.49 % (2015)
Official languagesArabic
CurrencyKuwaiti dinar (KWD)
HDI (ranking: 83e)0.808 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)62.28 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary constitutional monarchy (Emirate)
Head of StateEmir Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah
National Day25 February
Tourists (ranking)203,000 people (2016)
Koweït – petite

Kuwait is a state located in the Middle East, north of the Arabian Peninsula, on the Persian Gulf. Its neighbors are Saudi Arabia to the south and Iraq to the north and west.
A modest emirate, Kuwait has huge oil resources and is part of OPEC. These resources have fueled the greed of both Iraq, which demanded the return of this former Iraqi province in 1990 by forcibly annexing it, and Western countries backed by the UN. The first “Gulf War” in 1991 drove the Iraqi military out of Kuwaiti soil.

Kuwait City. Photo: TwoWheelsAcross
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Urban areas (2018)
Urban areasPopulation
Kuwait4,727,665 inhabitants
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Administrative divisions
Al Ahmadi909,812 inhabitants5,120 km²
Al Asimah (capitale)552,237 inhabitants200 km²
Al Farwaniyah1,155,856 inhabitants190 km²
Al Jahra531,498 inhabitants12,130 km²
Hawalli928,783 inhabitants84 km²
Mubarak Al-Kabeer246,877 inhabitants94 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also