Iceland

Official nameRepublic of Iceland
Name in local languageLýðveldið Ísland (is)
ContinentEurope
SubcontinentEurope (outside the European Union)
Population (ranking: 186e)348,450 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth2.99 % / year
Area103,125 km²
Density3.38 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 105e)25.676 billions $USD (2017)
GDP/capita (ranking)75,863 $USD (2017)
GDP growth36.00 % / year (2017)
Life expectancy (ranking)82.20 years (2016)
Birth rate13.70 ‰ (2017)
Fertility rate1.75 children / woman (2016)
Death rate (ranking)6.90 ‰ (2016)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)0.70 ‰ (2016)
Literacy rate100.00 % (2018)
Official languagesIcelandic
CurrencyIcelandic króna (ISK)
HDI (ranking: 14e)0.935 / 1 (2017)
EPI (ranking)78.57 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
Head of StatePresident Guðni Th. Jóhannesson
National Day17 June (fondation of the Republic in 1944)
ISO CodesIS, ISL
DemonymIcelandic
Tourists (ranking)2,224,000 people (2017)
Islande – petite
A highly developed country increasingly dependent on the outside

Iceland is an island state in the North Atlantic Ocean, located between Greenland and Norway. It lies on the mid-Atlantic ridge separating the Eurasian and North American tectonic plates and has numerous volcanoes and huge glaciers. The country is considered one of the most developed in the world, according to the Human Development Index (HDI).

Islande, Solheimasandur. Carcasse d'un avion écrasé, sous une aurore boréale
Solheimasandur, Iceland. Carcass of a crashed plane, under an aurora borealis. Photo: Matthew Karsten
Reykjavik - Salle de concerts Harpa
Reykjavik – Concert Hall Harpa. Photo: Ivan Sabljak, Wikipedia
Islande - Dettifoss
Dettifoss, Iceland. Most powerful waterfall of Europe. Photo: TommyBee
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Urban areas (2018)
Urban areasPopulation
Reykjavik222,484 inhabitants
Keflavík (Reykjanesbær)25,770 inhabitants
Akureyri18,542 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
RegionsPopulationArea
Capital Region (Höfuðborgarsvæðið)222,484 inhabitants1,042 km²
East (Austurland)12,791 inhabitants22,721 km²
Northeast (Norðurland eystra)30,368 inhabitants21,968 km²
Northwest (Norðurland vestra)7,195 inhabitants12,737 km²
South (Suðurland)26,288 inhabitants24,526 km²
Southwest (Suðurnes)25,770 inhabitants829 km²
West (Vesturland)16,192 inhabitants9,554 km²
Westfjords (Vestfirðir)6,994 inhabitants22,721 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also