Official nameRepublic of The Gambia
Name in local languageGambia
SubcontinentSub-Saharan Africa
Population (ranking: 150e)2,207,816 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth3.20 % / year
Area10,689 km²
Density206.55 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 201e)1.624 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)712 $USD (2018)
GDP growth6.60 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)61.70 years (2018)
Birth rate42.14 ‰ (2014)
Fertility rate5.72 children / woman (2014)
Death rate (ranking)8.73 ‰ (2014)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)47.90 ‰ (2014)
Literacy rate73.19 % (2015)
Official languagesEnglish
CurrencyDalasi (GMD)
HDI (ranking: 213e)0.466 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)42.42 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
Head of StatePresident Adama Barrow
National Day18 February (independence of 1965)
Tourists (ranking)161,000 people (2016)
Gambie – petite
A very low level of development

Gambia is the smallest country in continental Africa. It is a country almost enclaved in Senegal, that cuts literally in two (moving away Casamance, region of southern Senegal, the central power of Dakar and favoring on the spot a latent conflict), and with which it shares 740 km border. Its territory extends along the last 320 kilometers of the course of the Gambia River to its mouth, from 20 to 50 km on each side of the banks of the river. Its coastline overlooking the Atlantic Ocean extends for 80 km. Its capital is Banjul, the main urban area of the country, which lies at the mouth of the Gambia River, and which concentrates about half of the total population with more than 1.1 million inhabitants.
The relief of the country is flat and never rises beyond 55 meters above sea level.

Gambie - traversée du fleuve Gambie à Banjul
Gambia – crossing the Gambia River in Banjul. Photo: Jérôme Chesnot
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Urban areas (2016)
Urban areasPopulation
Banjul1,109,829 inhabitants
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Administrative divisions
Banjul413,397 inhabitants88 km²
Central River226,018 inhabitants2,894 km²
Lower River82,361 inhabitants1,618 km²
North Bank221,054 inhabitants2,256 km²
Upper River239,916 inhabitants2,069 km²
West Coast699,704 inhabitants1,764 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also