Eswatini (Swaziland)

Official nameKingdom of Eswatini
Name in local languageUmbuso we Swatini (sw)
SubcontinentSouthern Africa
Population (ranking: 165e)1,159,250 inhabitants (2018)
Population growth1.16 % / year
Area17,355 km²
Density66.80 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 168e)4.704 billions $USD (2018)
GDP/capita (ranking)4,140 $USD (2018)
GDP growth0.60 % / year (2018)
Life expectancy (ranking)46.00 years (2018)
Birth rate30.05 ‰ (2018)
Fertility rate3.30 children / woman (2018)
Death rate (ranking)17.01 ‰ (2018)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)97.50 ‰ (2018)
Literacy rate93.50 % (2011)
Official languagesEnglish, Swazi
CurrencySouth African rand Swazi lilangeni (SZL)
HDI (ranking: 177e)0.608 / 1 (2018)
EPI (ranking)40.32 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary absolute diarchy
Head of StateNgwenyama (King) Mswati III
National Day6 September (independence of 1968)
Tourists (ranking)921,000 people (2017)
eSwatini (Swaziland) – small
An unconscious monarchy of an old age

Eswatini (or eSwatini or Swaziland) is a southern African country, without access to the sea, bordered by South Africa and Mozambique. He recently decided to change his name to find his former pre-colonial name, eSwatini, which means “Swazi country”, in Swati language.

eSwatini (Swaziland) landscape
eSwatini (Swaziland) landscape. Photo: Sara Atkins

King Mswati lll, who has ruled the country since 1986, is an absolute monarch whose decisions are often unaware of the state of his population. More than a third of the inhabitants are infected by AIDS, but the money available is used for the luxury lifestyle of the Head of State, who for example bought a luxury aircraft at $ 45 million USD in 2004. His many Brides regularly travel to Europe and the Middle East for shopping and sumptuous parties.
This announced catastrophe has concrete catastrophic results: the population lives in an extreme deprivation, the life expectancy stagnates, to 46 years hardly!
The overall health and social condition is deplorable. International humanitarian aid, which has been constant for decades, remains insufficient, even though the crops themselves can not feed everyone. In 2007, the maize crop dropped by 60% due to drought.
The country lacks everything in terms of infrastructure, and is largely dependent on its big neighbour, South Africa.

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Urban areas (2018)
Urban areasPopulation
Manzini154,763 inhabitants
Mbabane (executive capital)106,709 inhabitants
Lobamba (royal and legislative capital)12,372 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Hhohho332,722 inhabitants3,625 km²
Lubombo234,483 inhabitants5,849 km²
Manzini381,834 inhabitants4,094 km²
Shiselweni210,211 inhabitants3,787 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also