Mozambique has just exceeded 30 million inhabitants in 2019. Its population growth remains very high, at 2.61% per year, even if it tends to slow down in recent years. The capital Maputo now has about 2.6 million inhabitants and will quickly reach 3 million people. The infrastructure is not up to such a population, the civil war after independence left a country in ruins. It rebuilds very slowly because the financial resources are limited. Especially since the country has to face several threats: devastating hurricanes, catastrophic floods, but also deadly armed gangs in the north that make people flee. Yet its resources are immense, and the territory stretches extensively on the coastline of southern Africa. Tourism is a possible path for the economic development of the country, as is industry and mining.