Official nameRepublic of Liberia
Name in local languageLiberia (en)
SubcontinentSub-Saharan Africa
Population (ranking: 118e)5,569,923 inhabitants (2024)
Population growth3.00 % / year
Area111,369 km²
Density50.01 inhabitants / km²
GDP (ranking: 179e)4.002 billions $USD (2022)
GDP/capita (ranking)755 $USD (2022)
GDP growth4.80 % / year (2022)
Life expectancy (ranking)63.70 years (2018)
Birth rate33.90 ‰ (2016)
Fertility rate4.60 children / woman (2016)
Death rate (ranking)9.50 ‰ (2016)
Infant mortality rate (ranking)65.80 ‰ (2016)
Literacy rate59.90 % (2022)
Official languagesEnglish
CurrencyLiberian dollar ($ LRD) ; United States dollar ($ USD, de facto)
HDI (ranking: 211e)0.481 / 1 (2021)
EPI (ranking)41.62 (2018)
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
Head of StatePresident Joseph Boakai
National Day26 July (independence of 1847)
Libéria – petite

Liberia is a country located in West Africa, bordered on the south by the Atlantic Ocean, northwest by Sierra Leone, north by Guinea and east by Côte d’Ivoire. It was the first African nation to gain independence in 1847 (from the United States). The peculiarity of Liberia comes from the fact that it was formed from American settlers, freed black slaves. Then for a century, American-Liberians dominated the country to the detriment of natives, who were second-class citizens, with no voting rights, which created serious tensions in society.

Île Bushrod, Monrovia, Libéria
Bushrod Island, Monrovia, Liberia
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Urban areas (2022)
Urban areasPopulation
Monrovia2,225,911 inhabitants
Gbarnga145,235 inhabitants
Kakata123,840 inhabitants
Ganta111,796 inhabitants
See all urban areas
Administrative divisions
Bomi133,705 inhabitants1,942 km²
Bong467,561 inhabitants8,772 km²
Gbarpolu95,995 inhabitants9,689 km²
Grand Bassa293,689 inhabitants7,936 km²
Grand Cape Mount178,867 inhabitants5,162 km²
Grand Gedeh216,692 inhabitants10,484 km²
Grand Kru109,342 inhabitants3,895 km²
Lofa367,376 inhabitants9,982 km²
Margibi304,946 inhabitants2,616 km²
Maryland172,587 inhabitants2,297 km²
Montserrado1,920,965 inhabitants1,909 km²
Nimba621,841 inhabitants11,551 km²
River Cess90,819 inhabitants5,594 km²
River Gee124,653 inhabitants5,113 km²
Sinoe151,149 inhabitants10,137 km²
See all administrative divisions
See also